Mimo ze ciezko pracuje, Kasia ma teraz trudne czasy w pracy

Mimo ze ciezko pracuje, Kasia ma teraz trudne czasy w pracy

APPENDIX An effective

Modern admonitions extracted from the radio plan “Co w mowie piszczy” [‘What is going on in speech’] generated from the the fresh new alternatives out-of sibilants, shown on the seventh off myself 3.

APPENDIX B: Procedure

Rzadko kiedy dziadek sadza ja sama na kasie. Madzia caly czas musi patrzec czy kasa jest bezpieczna. Nasza gaza nie zawsze pokrywa koszty. Madzia we Kasia maja zakaz ubierania sie w pasiaste ubrania. Cale cialo ma byc zakryte. Czasem chodza manage Kazia, zeby sie poskarzyc. Rady Kazia sa malo uzyteczne. Czesto i’m mowi „Ziarnko carry out ziarnka a good uzbiera sie miarka”. Czasami zartuje, ze moj szalony braciak maczal w tym palce. W takich sytuacjach siadam w kuchni we pieke ciasto marchewkowe. Ta mazia, ktora czesto mi wychodzi nie smakuje nawet dziadkowi. An effective jednak nie jest mi go zal, bo nikt nie jest tak nadziany jak towards.

Even in the event she performs hard, Kasia is certian compliment of a down economy at the office. Seldom does grandpa make their stand alone at the check-out stop. Madzia should make certain the brand new have a look at-aside counter is secure. Our very own pay why are Skagen women so beautiful doesn’t always safeguards the costs. Madzia and you can Kasia provides a ban to your putting on striped clothes. The complete system need to be protected. Sometimes, they’re going so you’re able to Kazio in order to grumble. Kazio’s information is not all that helpful. The guy usually tells him or her “A penny stored is a cent gathered”. Possibly We say jokingly one my in love cousin has played a good area involved. Into the instance instances, We sit-in your kitchen and cook a good carrot cake. The brand new compound that often efficiency isn’t delicious for even grandfather. But I don’t have a pity party to have your since the nobody is while the steeped when he is actually.

APPENDIX C: Mathematical Results

Imply thinking (kept line) and practical deviations (proper column) off formant frequencies F1, F2, F3 of before (V1) and you will pursuing the vowel (V2) along with formant range out of V1 and you will V2.

Results of mixed activities consequences Keep in mind that brand new algorithm about lmertest package we utilized for running combined habits indicated that actually t-philosophy more than dos were not significant. On the tables displayed on the Appendix i place men and women p-thinking for the parentheses (around three instance instances altogether).

” tabindex=”0″> Basically, you will find facts the alveolo-palatal sibilants reveal signs and symptoms of a change in the enunciation out-of particular young women.

On the purposes of the current data, half a dozen places from the spectrogram of the code have been determined by place the newest cursor within following factors:

” tabindex=”0″> The frequency F? is the overall mean of all highest spectral peaks at the given acoustic landmark (mid of frication looks), rounded on the nearest kHz. For the God and you can Shadle (2002) and you can Lousada ainsi que al. (2012), it was shown that this computation of F? and its rounding adapts well to finding the endpoint between the two parts of the spectra (low frequency part from 500 Hz to F? (m1) and high frequency part from F? to the highest frequency (m2)) (see Jesus and Shadle 2002: 447 for additional suggestions). Inside God and you may Shadle (2002), a property value cuatro,100000 Hz is actually discover to own post-alveolar fricatives regarding European Portuguese, along with Lousada ainsi que al. (2012: 10), a value of 3,900 Hz are found on burst regarding dental closes. However, to pertain that it scale to the present data, we had in order to adapt it to the Polish research, and if (which means that simplifying) your place of articulation is more or smaller uniform having corresponding phonemes. Within our case, we found a F? value of 5,000 Hz for all alveolo-palatals. Thus, m1 is the slope of the spectral regression line for the frequency range between 500 Hz and the corresponding F? value 5,000 Hz, and m2 is the slope of the spectral regression line for the range between the F? value of 5,000 Hz and 11,000 Hz.

The results shown in the section step 3 depend on 699 tokens (394 which has /?/ and you can 305 that contains ; 325 tokens have been manufactured in this new supplier phrase and you may 374 inside the the words). The latest multidimensional analysis displayed from inside the point 4.1 lies in 1942 tokens.

To your large frequency diversity (5,100 Hz to help you 11,000 Hz) there clearly was a statistically factor between them versions, specifically, the fresh new mountains of one’s regression lines of the this new variations was steeper.

The bottom line is, the outcomes point to significant spectral differences between Simple Gloss sibilants and their the fresh new versions. The study implies that the details included in the new LDA try capable discriminate up to 83.3% of study when it comes to fricatives and 91.dos % of one’s data in the case of the latest affricates.

4.2. Sociolinguistic hypothesis

Inside the sum, these and many other things degree advise that age, gender, social class and other personal groups and presenter qualities try important determinants from phonetic variation. On the other hand, it is apparent one to phonetic type is not reducible so you’re able to anatomic distinctions. It would be argued one both age and you will intercourse gamble an excellent character from the social distribution of the the versions regarding alveolo-palatals.

” tabindex=”0″> A comparable linguistic trait could have been understood in the Songyaun dialect off Chinese, in which ladies was stated to exchange /?/ that have /s?/ about standard lexical examine /s ? ?/ under the influence of the new Beijinghua “female accent” (Li 2005;Beckman 2012). This case directly parallels the chatted about improvements inside Shine. Although not, this is not needed to assume that the students ladies who embrace such phonetic variants “must” voice childish otherwise younger. An additional condition, the option was inspired from the peer pressure which can be maybe not teleological. The students ladies only simulate the peers therefore the wish to voice childish cannot form the top motivation toward alter. It’s possible that stereotypes and you can stigmatisations try afterwards pressed on the the fresh versions regarding sibilants from the more mature speakers. Non-teleological grounds similar to this was indeed recommended towards the have fun with of creaky sound of the American people (Yuasa 2010).

5. Summary and you may conclusion

Beckman, Yards. 2012. “Straightening this new timelines from phonological purchase and change”. Report offered on second Workshop into Sound Transform. Munich. Browse inside Bing Pupil

McMurray, B. and you can Good. Jongman. 2011. “Exactly what data is essential message categorization? Utilizing variability about speech signal by partnering cues calculated cousin so you’re able to assumption”. Emotional Feedback 118. 219–246. /a0022325 Look during the Bing Scholar

Zygis, Yards., D. Pape and you may L. Jesus. 2012. “(Non)retroflex Slavic affricates in addition to their inspiration. Facts out-of Czech and you can Gloss”. Journal of your own Worldwide Phonetic Relationship 42(3). 281–329. /S0025100312000205 Browse inside the Google Beginner

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